This article will explain you all the information you need to know about Information Technology and Cyber Law.
What is Cyber Crime in Cyber Law
Cyber Law , it is an important topic to know about. With the development of modern technology, the IT sector becomes very important all over the world. IT sector is contributing significantly to investment, employment, productivity, innovation, and overall economy in a country. However, using computers, smart phones and other modern electronic devices for day-to-day transactions are quite common in this society.
The number of users is doing online transactions and it is growing rapidly ever since, because of the convenience that gives to the user to transact business without being physically present in the area where the transaction happens. However, cybercrime is also growing day-by-day with these online transactions. Cybercrime covers a wide range of different attacks such as Cyber extortion, Cyberwarfare, spreading Computer viruses or Malware, Internet fraud, Spamming, Phishing, carding (fraud), child pornography and intellectual property rights violation, etc.
Evaluation of Cyber Law
Cyber Law and Information Technology law deals with a broad range of criminal offenses committed using a computer or similar electronic devices. It provides the legal framework for collecting, storing, and disseminating electronic information in the global marketplace. It is the area of law that deals with the Internet’s relationship to technological and electronic elements, including computers, software, hardware and information systems (IS). This law is also known as internet law.
Under these laws, various acts and laws have been published in different countries. Most of these are commonly cover the Software Licensing Issues, Data Privacy and Security, Online transaction issues, Electronic Signature issues, Electronic Communication issues and etc. The evaluation of Information technology law and cyber law is very important to all the countries for ensuring the protection of information, reducing risk of accessing information, reducing cyber-crimes.
Evaluation of the Information Technology and Cyber Law in the world
Evaluation of Cyber Law and information Technology law has been begun with the rapid development of Information Technology all over the world. It helps to reduce the risk of illegal Information access among human in society.
- According to the country based, different acts and laws have been published to ensure the protection of Information in each country. As the examples, the Computer Misuse Act (1990) and Trade Marks Act (1994) have been published in the United Kingdom for prohibiting the illegal access of Information in the UK. As well as, In United State published the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act in 1999.
- However, in 1996, a Model Law on Information Technology was adopted by the United Nations Commission on International Trade and Law (UNCITRAL). This was the origin of International Information Technology Law.
Likewise, since the origin of Information Technology and up to now, the continuous evaluation of Information Technology is happening to the world.
History of Cyber Law
Our modern society demands a degree of connectivity between citizens, businesses, financial institutions and governments that must cross political and cultural boundaries. Digital technology provides this connectivity and gives its users many valuable benefits. But at the same time, it provides a rich environment for criminal activity, ranging from vandalism to stolen identity to theft of classified government information.
There the essentialities of legal actions for cyber-crimes became important. As a result “law of the internet” or in a single word “Cyber law” was established. it is any law that applies to the internet and Internet-related technologies. However, it doesn’t possess a great history being one of the newest areas of the legal system.
Cyber law trends
Hence cyber crime is increasing Cyberlaw is increasing in importance every single year. To fight these crimes, there have been recent trends init. These trends include the following:
- New and more stringent regulations.
- Reinforcing current laws.
- Increased awareness of privacy issues.
- Cloud computing.
- How virtual currency might be vulnerable to crime.
- Usage of data analytics.
Creating awareness of these issues will be a primary focus of governments and agencies in the very near future.
Categories of Law
Mainly law can be categorized into three parts
Example categories related to Intellectual Property (IP) in Cyber Law
- This is the main form of IP cyber law. Using copyrights will protect almost any piece of IP you can transmit over the internet. This can include books, music, movies, blogs, and much more.
- Patents are generally using to protect an invention. These are using on the internet for new software and new online business methods.
- Trademarks and service marks are use the same online as they are in the real world. Trademarks will be used for websites. Service marks are used for websites that provide services.
- As you register for a website, you usually have to agree to terms of service. This is a contract.
- Online businesses are required to protect their customer’s privacy. This becomes more important as more and more information transmits over the internet.
- Handling data is a primary concern in the internet age. An area where this has become a big issue is in terms of litigation. In lawsuits, it is now common to request electronic records and physical records. However, there are no current laws that require keeping electronic records forever. This is not true for physical records.
Example categories related to Cyber Security
- Ecosystem. A strong ecosystem can prevent cyber-attacks like malware, attrition, hacking, insider attacks, and equipment theft.
- Framework. An assurance framework is a strategy for complying with security standards. This allows updates to infrastructure. It also allows governments and businesses to work together as “enabling and endorsing’.
- Open Standards. Open standards lead to improved security against cybercrime by allowing business and individuals to easily use proper security.
- Strengthening Regulation. This strategy includes promoting cybersecurity, proving education and training, working with private and public organizations, and implementing new security technology.
- IT Mechanisms. Promoting IT mechanisms is a great way to fight cybercrime. The measures included are end-to-end, association-oriented, link-oriented, and data encryption.
- E-Governance. E-governance is the ability to provide services over the internet.